This Technology Transfer Advances Eswatini's
Eswatini is experiencing a rural energy crisis, where demand for household energy has outstripped energy supply. The combination of high demand, aggravated by low-end use efficiency (fuel wood is either used in open fires or in stoves designed for coal) has contributed to environmental degradation, rural poverty and rural energy shortages. Eswatini needs efficient policies and regulatory frameworks, as well as development of fiscal and financial incentives to encourage the use of energy efficient appliances. Like several other countries in the region, Eswatini’s energy policy is very high level and idoes not currently address any energy efficient technologies or regulations.
The CTCN previously developed detailed country assessments for 9 Southern Africa countries, including Eswatini, focusing on five priority products (i.e. lighting, refrigerators, air conditioners, electric motors and distribution transformers). This assistance will help to inform Eswatini's future objectives for climate-related policy actions.
- Validate the data collected by the CTCN from stakeholders (e.g. manufacturers, retailers, suppliers, utilities) on the existing initiatives and use of refrigerators and distribution transformers.
- Undertake detailed market assessments and feasibility of implementation of technologies with highest efficiency
- Develop a technology roadmap and action plan for promoting and adoption of efficient appliance in the country
- Propose draft minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) and labelling for refrigerators and procurement specifications for distribution transformers
- Assist decision makers and stakeholders to put the draft MEPS for refrigerators and procurement specifications for distribution transformers into practice
- Gather information on financing lines and business models for financing energy-efficient refrigerators and/or distribution transformers
- Develop proposal for financial/market based mechanism on energy-efficient refrigerators and/or distribution transformers
Eswatini has much to gain by adopting energy efficiency standards, regulations and technologies. This project will prioritize energy-efficient refrigerators and distribution transformers. This project will also provide gender and other co-benefits, such as energy-efficient and higher quality refrigerators allowing users to save money, reducing food waste from spoiled foods and providing increased economic opportunities by increasing the ability to store food instead of frequent trips to the market. In addition, distribution transformers and other energy-efficient products will result in reduced demand on the electricity grid provide more stable electricity distribution and economic opportunities for the entire population.