The capital city of Accra with 4% of the population growth rate is one of the fastest urbanizing cities in Sub-Saharan Africa. The economic expansion coupled with urbanization and population growth has led to a rapid increase in the number of road transport. According to the estimates, the Accra alone hosts more than 50% of total registered vehicles nationwide, which is 1,134,599 vehicles (EPA, 2017). The most frequently used modes of road transports are private cars, taxis, mini-bus (tro-tro) and buses. In 2016, GHG emissions by the transport sector were estimated to have a 7% increase relative to the levels reported in 2012. In addition, the emissions from the transport sector alone make up 47% of emissions from the entire energy sector.
Recognizing various climate risks in relation to energy and transport sector nationwide, the country’s INDC submitted in 2015 noted the transport sector as one of the priority areas for actions and specified to ‘Scale up sustainable mass transportation’ by expanding inter and intra city mass transportation modes in 4 cities including Accra with improved fuel efficiency. E-mobility is globally recognized as a viable and attractive option that can help the country redress the adverse issues faced with the conventional transportation system.
Assist in drafting national policy and implementation framework on e-mobility to increase urban resiliency and create new green business opportunities:
- Assessment of the market readiness to deploy electric vehicles in Ghana and draft the national policy on e-mobility
- Conduct policy review to recommend the implementation roadmap for deployment and upscaling of the electric vehicles and supporting charging infrastructure on the basis of local context and develop a framework
- Conduct a detailed feasibility study on selected action plans to develop a business case on procuring and deploying electric vehicles and charging infrastructure
- Conduct capacity building and awareness of relevant stakeholders from government and EV value chain
Reduced heavy reliance on fossil-based liquid fuels in the transport sector and diversified the country’s energy mix with low carbon resources.