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Uruguay

Official Name:
Eastern Republic of Uruguay

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Nathalie Pareja
Position:
Climate Change director
Phone:
+598 2 9170 710
Emails:
npareja@mvotma.gub.uy
,
Name:
Mr. Jorge Castro
Position:
Consultant in Climate Change Division
Phone:
+598 2 9170 710 (ext. 1234)
Emails:
jorge.castro@mvotma.gub.uy

Energy profile

Uruguay (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Access to electricity is very high: 98.7%, being above average coverage for countries with public electricity service.The Uruguayan and Argentine power grids have been interconnected for almost 20 years via a system of 500 kV lines. In January 1997, Uruguay and Brazil signed an agreement which allowed for the connection of their power grids.

Renewable energy potential

Hydropower

Between 2003 and 2007, 68% of Uruguay’s energy needs were met by hydroelectric dams on the Uruguay River. The largest of these impoundments, the Salto Grande, a facility shared with Argentina, has generated up to half of Uruguay’s electricity in the past. Apart from the bi-national Salto Grande, with a total capacity of 1,890 MW, existing plants are Terra (152 MW), Baygorria (108 MW), Constitucion (333 MW). All the potential for large hydro in Uruguay has already been developed.

Solar energy

Uruguay has good potential for solar energy, with an average horizontal irradiance of 5.2 kWh/m2/day. Statutes are in place to guarantee the use of solar water heating in any public building with over 20% of total energy demand from water heating. There are pilot projects, mainly for municipal lighting.

Wind energy

In Uruguay, the wind resource is favourable, but its cost – estimated at US$45-50/MWh for large projects (50-100 MW) is still uncertain. As result, the estimated wind potential of 600 MW cannot yet be taken as feasible, from an economic standpoint.The first wind farm in Uruguay, the 10 MW Nuevo Manantial project (in Rocha), which will sell the electricity generated to UTE, started operations in October 2008. In January 2009, UTE’s 10 MW wind farm in Sierra de los Caracoles (Maldonado Department) also started operations. According to the National Directorate for Energy and Nuclear Technology (DNETN), grid-connected wind power generation is one of the domestic resources with more potential in Uruguay for the medium and long term.

Biomass energy

Rice husk, whose economic volume could generate up to 20 MW at competitive prices; firewood has already been used as a substitute for fuel oil in the 1980s, and cellulose projects expect to generate up to 65 MW for sales to the network.

Geothermal energy

Whilst the geothermal potential of the Chaco-Paraná basin has been previously examined, no study has yet been conducted as to the potential for geothermal energy use in the country.

Energy framework

The Energy Strategy Guidelines for Uruguay was defined in 2006 by the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mines (MIEM). This strategy includes:diversifying energy sources to reduce costs and emissions, as well as increase energy security;increasing private participation in new renewable power generation;increasing regional energy trade; facilitating the availability and acquisition of energy efficient goods and services, including efforts to raise public awareness regarding demand-side management interventions.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Sud Austral Consulting SpA

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Chile
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.is a consulting company created through individual and collective experience of its members, after recurring mutual collaboration for several years it was consolidated in early 2012 in the creation of a consulting entity formally established. The experience of professionals and technicians of Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.has resulted in consulting services in projects developed by governments, public and private institutions, both in Chile, South and Central America.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.