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Chad

Official Name:
Republic of Chad

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Specialized agency
Name:
Mr. Mahamat Hassane Idriss
Phone:
+235 66 21 93 40, +235 99 95 11 26
Emails:
mhi1962@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Chad (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

At the national level, 2.2% of households use electricity, with only 12% having access in the capital and 1% in provincial areas. The per capita electricity consumption is one of the lowest in the world and tariffs are among the highest. Interconnection of the national electric network with those of countries in the region with adequate supply capacity, could help address this constraint. The current status of the Chadian electricity network is limited, with three small, non-interconnected grids serving the cities of N'Djamena and Shar Mouduo Abeché constituting the entirety of the distribution infrastructure.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyAs a large number of African countries tend to, Chad has daily solar radiation ranging between 4 and 6 kWh/m2, offering a significant energy resource. Solar energy is primarily used for solar cooking at this time. The majority of the country has a global irradiation of 2,000 – 2,400 kWh/ m2, rising to over 2,800 kWh/ m2 in some areas. Wind energyThe country shows significant wind potential in its central region, where the theoretical potential reaches 7-7.5 m/s. However, in Chad the political stance has not been clearly stated with regards to the development of wind energy projects and the technical feasibility of wind energy projects is non-conclusive, at least in the medium term (electrical grid, electrical load, layout of the land, etc.). In addition, other forms of renewable energy are perceived to be either more competitive or more appropriate in the national context (geothermal, hydraulic, bio-combustibles, solar photovoltaic). Biomass energyAgricultural residues are abundant in the region, and are very valuable for energy production. As a sugar producing country, Chad has large quantities of bagasse available for energy production from co-generation as a surplus from the internal sugar mills needs. Biomass is the primary energy source for the majority of the country's rural population, with over 93% using traditional biomass fuels. Geothermal energyEvidence of geothermal activity has been noted in mineral resource surveys in the Tibesti area of the country. However, no study has been undertaken as to the potential of this resource for power generation. HydropowerChad’s economically and technically feasible hydropower potential is approximately 150 GWh/year. Plans are ongoing to create an inter-connection between hydropower resources in Cameroon and N'Djamena, the Chadian capital.

Energy framework

In April 2000, the government of Chad began to prepare a National Poverty Reduction Strategy (NPRS) as part of a participatory process involving the private and the public sector, opinion leaders, academia, and civil society organizations. The NPRS presents an overall view of the country’s economic and social policies and proposes to cut poverty by half in less than 15 years (by 2015).For the energy sector, the NPRS places special significance on strategies to ensure strong and sustainable growth that helps to reduce poverty, in particular by: (i) developing infrastructure to support power generation,(ii) making electricity available to users at a more reasonable cost, and (iii) promoting alternative sources of energy (solar, wind, etc.) to limit the cutting of firewood, which is exacerbating desertification. In 2000, the Chadian government revised its Petroleum Code. The revision allowed for production sharing agreements (PSAs), between foreign companies and the Chadian government. In addition, the government made the investment climate more attractive by reducing the corporate income tax rate from 50% to 45%. The country is in the process of implementing a national energy policy, with considerations given to renewable energy. An advisory committee of experts, technical advisers to the President, and senior ministerial officials involved in the energy sector has been formed, to advise the government on the formulation of a new energy policy framework.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht-Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH (HZG) is one of 18 members of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres Germany's largest science organization. One of HZG's scientific organizational entities is the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), a think tank for innovations in the field of climate services.    

  • Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte is an establishment of reflection, research and practice of industrial ecology. The Institute has an engineering division and an expertise cluster, which enables the Institute to identify new technologies linked to industrial ecology and to advise through a specific methodology adapted to local contexts. The project managers work on the practical execution of mandates and on the implementation of the industrial ecology with a particular attention to Switzerland and developing countries.