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El Salvador

Official Name:
Republic of El Salvador

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Luis Eduardo Menjívar Recinos
Position:
Coordinator, Analysis and Geospatial Development Unit
Phone:
+503 2132 9532
Emails:
lmenjivar@marn.gob.sv

Energy profile

El Salvador (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2010): 91.2,%:Urban areas: 99%Rural areas: 72%.

Renewable energy potential

HydropowerIn 2007, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCEI) approved US$140 million for the construction and start-up of 64.4-MW EL Chaparral hydroelectric plant.Wind energyEl Salvador currently has no wind power generation. Following studies by the Comisión Hidroeléctrica del Rio Lempa (CEL) and the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), the National Energy Commission´s power generation expansion plan 2012-26 sets out a plan to construct a 42 MW wind farm in Metapan in Western El Salvador by 2016.Geothermal energy The 2007 National Energy Strategy determines that potential geothermal capacity in El Salvador is about 450 MW.Currently, there are two geothermal facilities operating in El Salvador, the 95-MW Ahuachapan, and the 66-MW Berlin plant. Majority state-owned power company LaGeo, formerly Gesal, operates the two plants. LaGeo has expanded the two existing geothermal plants, as well as conducting a feasibility study for a third plant, Cuyanausul.Expansion plans could result in 183 MW additional capacity in the period 2006-2014.Biomass energyIn 2003, Empresa Eléctrica del Norte (EEN) announced the construction of a 5-MW Biomass thermoelectric plant at San Francisco Sugar Mill. The plant consumes part of the electricity generated by bagasse fuel and additional distribution agreements with other local sugar.BiofuelsIn September 2006, El Salvador opened an ethanol plant in Acajutla Port. The American Renewable Fuel Suppliers (ARFS) - comprised of U.S.-based Cargill, Brazilian sugar trader, Crystalsev, and El Salvador’s local sugar company, Compañía Azucarera Salvadoreña - developed the $13 million, 60 million-gallon-per-year (MG/Y) capacity plant. ARFS plans to export the ethanol to the United States where the company can take advantage of the Caribbean Basins Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA), a trade agreement signed in 2000 that allows Caribbean  and Central American countries to export ethanol into the United States duty-free.

Energy framework

The Government’s 2007 National Energy Strategy supports the diversification and increase of energy sources. Besides hydroelectricity and geothermal energy, the government foresees the addition of 50 MW of renewable generation in the next 10 years in the form of wind power, solar power, biomass and mini-hydroelectric plants.  This would reduce the dependence on traditional thermal sources and the vulnerability to high oil prices that the country started to face in 2005.In November 2007, El Salvador approved the Fiscal Incentives Law for the Promotion of Renewable Energy. This new legal framework includes incentives such as a 10 year tax exemption for projects below 10 MW of generation capacity.A new System for the Promotion of Renewable Energy (SIFER) established the creation of a Revolving Fund for the Promotion of Renewable Energy (FOFER) that provides soft loans and guarantees and assists in the financing of feasibility studies for new projects.El Salvador is also one of the countries included in the SIEPAC project, which is integrating the electricity network of the country with the rest of the Central American region.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Tambourine Innovation Ventures Inc.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Incorporated in 2015, Tambourine Innovation Ventures (TIV) is an innovation advisory and venture development firm that provides a full suite of services and solutions to the challenges and needs generated by the increasing interest and activity globally in the areas of climate change adaptation/mitigation, innovation, technology transfer and venture finance. TIV founders and consultants bring more than three decades of experience in assisting the developing countries access innovative technologies from the industrialized countries and grow technology ventures.

  • Sud Austral Consulting SpA

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Chile
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.is a consulting company created through individual and collective experience of its members, after recurring mutual collaboration for several years it was consolidated in early 2012 in the creation of a consulting entity formally established. The experience of professionals and technicians of Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.has resulted in consulting services in projects developed by governments, public and private institutions, both in Chile, South and Central America.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.