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Paraguay

Official Name:
Republic of Paraguay

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Ulises Lovera
Emails:
uliseslovera@hotmail.com
,
Name:
Ms. Nora Paez
Emails:
dncc@mades.gov.py

Energy profile

Paraguay (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

In 2009, about 98% of the population had access to electricity, whereas in 2003 the corresponding figure was only 90%. The National Interconnected System (NIS) of ANDE covers virtually all the national territory. There are also other private regional networks that are connected to the energy power network of ANDE. However, it becomes difficult to cover the electricity supply in certain isolated regions in the country due to technological and economic reasons, where it is being studied the installation and in some cases being implemented other renewable energy alternatives for electricity generation.Two 500 kV lines connect Paraguay with Brazil and Argentina. Metropolitan distribution grids in the country are mainly 220 kV, with 66 kV feeders from this.

Renewable energy potential

The energy consumption matrix in Paraguay is characterized by having a greater proportion of RES than non renewable. In fact, 66% of the total energy comes from renewable energies; situation which differentiates this country from others.Solar energyWith an average global horizontal irradiance of 5.0-5.5 kWh/m2/d, Paraguay has good potential for solar energy uptake. CEDESOL, a non-profit organisation involved in many Andean nations, has installed solar water heaters and cookers in several rural villages in the country. EURO-SOLAR is currently installing distributed solar power generation systems to rural communities in the country.Wind energyMost regions in Paraguay have an average wind speed above 5.9 m/s, making Paraguay an ideal country for wind power uptake. No wind power projects are currently planned for the nation.Geothermal energyDespite considerable geothermal potential in neighbouring countries, Paraguay has few geothermal resources, and no projects using the technology are currently planned.HydropowerWith an estimated reserve of 56,000MW, Paraguay has one of the highest hydroelectric power potentials per capita in the world. In a typical year the country generates approximately 51.3 billion kWh of electricity and consumes just 3.5 billion kWh. On the Parana River, Brazil and Paraguay have built the Itaipu Dam, the 2nd largest hydropower facility in the world. The installed capacity of the facility is 14 GW. Hydro energy (71.9%) represents by far the most important RE source to the extent that Paraguay can export 30% of hydro energy. Biomass Energy/BiofuelsBiomass accounts for approximately 10% of the current renewable energy capacity of the country. Paraguay’s ethanol production capacity is over 200 million litres annually. Projections indicate that by 2014, the country could produce 300 million litres of ethanol, consume 250 million litres and export the balance, saving fewer dollars in importing petroleum and even generating more exports.  Six alcohol plants are in operation, encouraged by legislation in 2005 requiring a minimum bioethanol blend for 85 octane petrol (24%) and for 95 octane petrol (18%). Although about one-third of sugar cane production is destined for alcohol production, it is not enough to meet demand. In response, in 2008 the Government introduced a required minimum 1% biodiesel content in domestic vehicle fuel, rising to an eventual 20% maximum.  Currently, there are eight small biodiesel plants operating but, as with bioethanol, total production is not enough to comply with the initial 1% target.

Energy framework

The actions related to renewable energies are framed under Objective N° 5 of the Institutional Strategic Plan 2010- 2013. This objective seeks “to strengthen the activities related to institutional management in the subsector of renewable sources of energy and power efficiency”. In order for this take place, the following needs to be happen:Elaboration and implementation of a renewable energy development plan, which includes the generation of energy with alternative energy sources for the rural sectors and which promotes the use of biofuels.Develop actions for the identification of the potentials of renewable energies in Paraguay (by geographic zones and according to each type of energy source).Research for projects that are interesting for international investors who will be willing in investing in renewable energy projects in the country.Promote and research on the design of national projects that will be able to enter resources trough Clean Development Mechanism (CDM, Protocol of Kyoto) by the sale of avoided CO2 emissions. Design and coordinate the elaboration of activities that are related to the promotion and use of renewable energies within the framework of sustainable development.In October 2005, the Congress passed Law 2748 for Biofuels Promotion. Its main objectives are to diversify the supply of RE, diminish the dependence on imported fossil fuel, substitute fossil fuel with renewable fuels, improve environmental quality, develop the farming sector (focused primarily on small producers), and export ethanol and biodiesel. The law sets mandated mixes for gasoline and diesel. Diesel accounts for approximately 70% of the fuel consumption while the rest is gasoline (already mixed with 24% ethanol). In 2008, the Government passed Decree 12240 reducing the VAT on biodiesel and ethanol to 2%.The Government’s energy strategy aims to develop an efficient electricity sector within the existing institutional framework and to benefit from abundant hydroelectric resources. The limited size of the market, the abundant power available to Paraguay from the Itaipú and Yacyretá plants, and the presence of the two bi-national generating entities result in limited scope for independent private generators to invest in Paraguay’s electricity sector. The Government is therefore focused on seeking an efficient management of the sector within a public sector framework, and on transforming ANDE into a modern, efficient and financially sustainable public sector enterprise. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Capacity Building hub for Sustainable Energy

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The capacity building hub collaborates with global stakeholders and institutions across the energy value chain, and leverages their mutual strengths to foster attainment of the ambitious goals. The hub undertakes a demand-driven approach to catalyze change. It is a special-purpose vehicle that facilitates - awareness generation/sensitization, knowledge assimilation and dissemination, design and delivery of programmes of change, and identification of research gaps.

  • Lighting a Billion Lives

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    Lighting a Billion Lives is a global initiative to facilitate clean energy access and the delivery of last mile energy services for basic and productive use. The initiative enables energy poor communities to transition from traditional and inefficient energy sources to modern, more efficient and sustainable energy solutions. The initiative accelerates market development for clean energy technologies through knowledge sharing, capacity building and market seeding.

  • GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) is a rating tool that helps people assesses the performance of their building against certain nationally acceptable benchmarks. It evaluates the environmental performance of a building holistically over its entire life cycle, thereby providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a ‘green building’. The rating system, based on accepted energy and environmental principles, seeks to strike a balance between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and international.

  • Specialized Library on Climate Change

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The Specialized Library on Climate Change houses wide array of resources on climate change related issues, both in print and electronic form. The website provides information about all the resources and services offered by the library. The library catalogue of print and electronic resources and database of literature abstracts can be accessed on-line. Current awareness services like listing of new arrivals and compilation of latest news and events are also provided on-line.

  • ENVIS Centre on Renewable Energy and Environment

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    The major objectives of the ENVIS Centre are collection and dissemination of information in order to support and promote research, development and innovation among researcher, policy makers, academics and other stakeholders. The Centre is actively engaged in data gaps identification and bridging, resource generation and data collection, capacity-building and information dissemination activities.

  • Good Practice Study on GHG-Inventories for the Waste Sector in Non-Annex l Countries

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    The study aims to provide comprehensive guidance to policy makers and practitioners in developing countries [Non-Annex I countries to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)] for the preparation of national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the waste sector. Though GHG emissions from the waste sector are still comparatively low compared to other sectors, they are continuously rising in developing countries due to changing production and consumption patterns. Experience shows that emissions from this sector can be reduced significantly at relatively low costs.

  • Broschüre “Cool bleiben: Das Spannungsfeld zwischen Wachstum, Kühlung und Klimawandel“

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    1. Steigender Energiebedarf und ein Recht auf Kühlung? Darf es ihn geben, den Anspruch auf eine Klimaanlage und einen Kühlschrank – ähnlich wie das Recht auf eine Heizung? 2. Kühle Kette für eine gesunde Versorgung Nach Schätzungen der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) verderben durchschnittlich 30 Prozent, in tropischen Ländern sogar 50 Prozent der Lebensmittel mangels angemessener Lagerung. 3. Grüne Technik und Wertschöpfung Das Zauberwort heißt Ressourceneffizienz. Der Schlüssel in der Kältetechnik dafür sind natürliche Gase. 4.

  • Buenas Practicas de refrigeración

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    This manual should provide professional guidance on how to service and maintain refrigeration systems operating with new technology, e.g. ozone- and climate-friendly alternative refrigerants to CFCs and HCFCs. It addresses essential know-how on containment of HFC refrigerants which have a high global warming potential (GWP) and provides information on the safe use of environmental-friendly natural refrigerants, such as CO2, ammonia or hydrocarbons.

  • Cool und nachhaltig: Kühlung in der internationalen Zusammenarbeit

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Kühlschrank und Klimaanlage – sie stehen ganz oben auf der Wunschliste von Menschen in heißen Ländern. Bis zum Jahr 2030 rechnet die Internationale Energieagentur (IEA) mit einem viermal höheren Energiebedarf für Klimatisierung in den Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern im Vergleich zu heute. Auch werden oft chemisch hergestellte Gase als Kühlmittel eingesetzt. Sie schädigen die Ozonschicht und treiben den Klimawandel voran. Grüne Technologien nutzen hingegen natürliche Gase zur Kälteerzeugung, sind energieeffizienter und können mit Sonnen- oder Windkraft betrieben werden.