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Paraguay

Official Name:
Republic of Paraguay

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Gustavo Evelio González Chávez
Position:
Coordinador de Projectos DPE
Phone:
+595 615 803
Emails:
yugus70@gmail.com

Energy profile

Paraguay (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

In 2009, about 98% of the population had access to electricity, whereas in 2003 the corresponding figure was only 90%. The National Interconnected System (NIS) of ANDE covers virtually all the national territory. There are also other private regional networks that are connected to the energy power network of ANDE. However, it becomes difficult to cover the electricity supply in certain isolated regions in the country due to technological and economic reasons, where it is being studied the installation and in some cases being implemented other renewable energy alternatives for electricity generation.Two 500 kV lines connect Paraguay with Brazil and Argentina. Metropolitan distribution grids in the country are mainly 220 kV, with 66 kV feeders from this.

Renewable energy potential

The energy consumption matrix in Paraguay is characterized by having a greater proportion of RES than non renewable. In fact, 66% of the total energy comes from renewable energies; situation which differentiates this country from others.Solar energyWith an average global horizontal irradiance of 5.0-5.5 kWh/m2/d, Paraguay has good potential for solar energy uptake. CEDESOL, a non-profit organisation involved in many Andean nations, has installed solar water heaters and cookers in several rural villages in the country. EURO-SOLAR is currently installing distributed solar power generation systems to rural communities in the country.Wind energyMost regions in Paraguay have an average wind speed above 5.9 m/s, making Paraguay an ideal country for wind power uptake. No wind power projects are currently planned for the nation.Geothermal energyDespite considerable geothermal potential in neighbouring countries, Paraguay has few geothermal resources, and no projects using the technology are currently planned.HydropowerWith an estimated reserve of 56,000MW, Paraguay has one of the highest hydroelectric power potentials per capita in the world. In a typical year the country generates approximately 51.3 billion kWh of electricity and consumes just 3.5 billion kWh. On the Parana River, Brazil and Paraguay have built the Itaipu Dam, the 2nd largest hydropower facility in the world. The installed capacity of the facility is 14 GW. Hydro energy (71.9%) represents by far the most important RE source to the extent that Paraguay can export 30% of hydro energy. Biomass Energy/BiofuelsBiomass accounts for approximately 10% of the current renewable energy capacity of the country. Paraguay’s ethanol production capacity is over 200 million litres annually. Projections indicate that by 2014, the country could produce 300 million litres of ethanol, consume 250 million litres and export the balance, saving fewer dollars in importing petroleum and even generating more exports.  Six alcohol plants are in operation, encouraged by legislation in 2005 requiring a minimum bioethanol blend for 85 octane petrol (24%) and for 95 octane petrol (18%). Although about one-third of sugar cane production is destined for alcohol production, it is not enough to meet demand. In response, in 2008 the Government introduced a required minimum 1% biodiesel content in domestic vehicle fuel, rising to an eventual 20% maximum.  Currently, there are eight small biodiesel plants operating but, as with bioethanol, total production is not enough to comply with the initial 1% target.

Energy framework

The actions related to renewable energies are framed under Objective N° 5 of the Institutional Strategic Plan 2010- 2013. This objective seeks “to strengthen the activities related to institutional management in the subsector of renewable sources of energy and power efficiency”. In order for this take place, the following needs to be happen:Elaboration and implementation of a renewable energy development plan, which includes the generation of energy with alternative energy sources for the rural sectors and which promotes the use of biofuels.Develop actions for the identification of the potentials of renewable energies in Paraguay (by geographic zones and according to each type of energy source).Research for projects that are interesting for international investors who will be willing in investing in renewable energy projects in the country.Promote and research on the design of national projects that will be able to enter resources trough Clean Development Mechanism (CDM, Protocol of Kyoto) by the sale of avoided CO2 emissions. Design and coordinate the elaboration of activities that are related to the promotion and use of renewable energies within the framework of sustainable development.In October 2005, the Congress passed Law 2748 for Biofuels Promotion. Its main objectives are to diversify the supply of RE, diminish the dependence on imported fossil fuel, substitute fossil fuel with renewable fuels, improve environmental quality, develop the farming sector (focused primarily on small producers), and export ethanol and biodiesel. The law sets mandated mixes for gasoline and diesel. Diesel accounts for approximately 70% of the fuel consumption while the rest is gasoline (already mixed with 24% ethanol). In 2008, the Government passed Decree 12240 reducing the VAT on biodiesel and ethanol to 2%.The Government’s energy strategy aims to develop an efficient electricity sector within the existing institutional framework and to benefit from abundant hydroelectric resources. The limited size of the market, the abundant power available to Paraguay from the Itaipú and Yacyretá plants, and the presence of the two bi-national generating entities result in limited scope for independent private generators to invest in Paraguay’s electricity sector. The Government is therefore focused on seeking an efficient management of the sector within a public sector framework, and on transforming ANDE into a modern, efficient and financially sustainable public sector enterprise. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Sud Austral Consulting SpA

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Chile
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.is a consulting company created through individual and collective experience of its members, after recurring mutual collaboration for several years it was consolidated in early 2012 in the creation of a consulting entity formally established. The experience of professionals and technicians of Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.has resulted in consulting services in projects developed by governments, public and private institutions, both in Chile, South and Central America.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.