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Palau

Official Name:
Republic of Palau
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. David Idip
Position:
Chief of Staff
Phone:
+680 488-6654
Emails:
davididip@gmail.com

Energy profile

Republic of Palau (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

The Palau Public Utilities Corporation (PPUC) has extended electrical power distribution lines to approximately 97% of the population in the primary islands. The transmission and distribution network on the islands now covers around 47 linear miles of 34.5KV transmission lines, and 114 linear miles of 13.8KV distribution lines.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energySatellite measurements and estimates based on sunshine hours place the resource at more than 5.5kWh/m2/day, signifying a high potential for solar energy development. Solar water heating is used on houses and tourist facilities. A 100 kW grid-connected PV system has been installed on top of car park shading at the Capitol Complex, the main government centre in the country. It is expected to produce 120,000 kWh per annum.Biomass/biogas energyAbout 60% of the islands are densely forested. However, harvesting of biomass or planting of large fuel plantations is not likely to occur for environmental, economic and land tenure issues. Biogas resources have limited potential. The Bureau of Agriculture commenced a biogas pilot project for small pig farms in 2009, although results have been limited so far.Hydropower / Wave energyThe wave energy resource is modest, estimated at about 10-15kW/m, which is not sufficient for efficient power generation. The Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion technology is still a long way from commercial use, although there would be potential on Palau. Hydroelectric dams are feasible for exploitation, however, limited information is available on the potential hydroelectric resource, with the most recent assessment having been conducted in 1984.Wind energyThere have been no wind resource measurements in Palau. The International Renewable Energy Agency categorizes the potential for wind energy uptake as “Medium”, indicating a lesser potential than solar power, but still a notable potential.Geothermal EnergyPotential for the development of geothermal energy in Palau has been categorized as “extremely low”. No geothermal resources are present in the country.

Energy framework

A Draft National Energy Policy was submitted for approval in October 2009 to the Government of Palau, through the Palau Energy Office. Areas addressed in the policy included:the improvement of institutional arrangements for energy sector management and the creation of an Energy Administration to implement measures in the NEP and it's related strategic action plan, a reduction in national energy consumption through energy efficiency measures, with a target of reducing total final consumption by 30% by 2020, anda 20% target for renewable energy contribution to the energy mix by 2020, as well as a reduction in the use of imported hydrocarbons.Under the Pacific Islands Energy Policy and Strategic Action Planning (PIEPSAP) project, an Energy Conservation Strategy is being developed. The main aim is to implement and enforce existing government regulations related to energy efficiency.The European Union's REP-5 Programme funds demand-side energy efficiency activities, with a project that subsidises over 20,000 Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFLs) for households. As part of this program, a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan was developed in 2008, detailing 14 energy efficiency activities that could benefit the country, including public and private building refits, subsidies for domestic biogas digesters, and home energy auditing.The European Commission has proposed €2.47m for the development of renewable energy in the period of 2009-2013 through the EDF-10 program. An additional €0.43m has been proposed to fund Technical Assistance studies.The UNDP will provide US$4.4m over the period 2009-2013 to widen the scope of the EU-funded solar energy development project, by addressing all potential renewable energy (RE) resources in Palau in meeting the energy demands in the various energy-consuming sectors of the Palauan economy.The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Palau energy project targets energy efficiency for households and is being implemented by the National Development Bank of Palau (Ndbp). Through this project it is expected that electricity consumption will be lowered by an estimated 15% in new homes, and that a local market for energy efficient products and services will be developed.In 2009, the Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) announced it would be financing the “Project for Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation Systems” of the Government of Palau. JICA provided approximately US$5 million for the project, which aimed to install 180 kW of PV arrays at Palau International Airport, by June 2011.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte is an establishment of reflection, research and practice of industrial ecology. The Institute has an engineering division and an expertise cluster, which enables the Institute to identify new technologies linked to industrial ecology and to advise through a specific methodology adapted to local contexts. The project managers work on the practical execution of mandates and on the implementation of the industrial ecology with a particular attention to Switzerland and developing countries.

  • APEC Climate Center

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Korea
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    APCC is a organization that catalyzes climate information-based solutions through three interconnected pillars of work: climate prediction and information services; climate information application and climate change response; and capacity building. APC freely provides value-added, reliable, and timely climate prediction, while serving as a key climate information center to distribute climate data, prediction and related tools, in order to bridge technology gaps globally.