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Nauru

Official Name:
Republic of Nauru
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Reagan Moses
Position:
Director for Climate Change 
Phone:
+674 557 3133
Emails:
reagan.moses@gmail.com

Energy profile

The Republic of Nauru (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

100% of households and businesses are connected to the electricity grid through a circular grid.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyAs an equatorial country, Nauru has abundant solar resources according to a 2004 PIREP study. Measurements show an average of 5.8kWh/m2/day with only small seasonal variation.  However, unless very expensive electrical storage systems are included, the penetration of solar power into the grid is limited to around 15-20% of noon time demand.Solar energy offers the best alternative in Nauru, however limited solar water heating has been implemented in the past. Considering the high usage of electrical appliances, such as air conditioners, refrigerators and stoves, etc., the viability of adopting a solar-replacement policy would need to be carefully evaluated from an economic point of view. In addition, the environmental aspects of battery import and disposal may also create additional problems.Biomass energyDue to the extensive phosphate mining, the development of biomass as an energy source is limited unless extensive rehabilitation of the mined area is undertaken; and it is not likely for biomass to be considered as a sustainable energy source for the future.Wind energyThe 2004 PIREP study noted that the wind resource is poorly known and a resource assessment for topside would be worth carrying out to determine the appropriateness of further development.In 2006, WINERGY NC of New Caledonia conducted a wind mapping exercise in Nauru in an effort to quantify the available wind potential. The wind atlas that was produced showed that Nauru has a good wind regime. The study identified that the best sites for wind projects are in the Northeast where a wind project at IJUW with wind speed of up to 6 m/s at 50m which can possibly provide around 25% of the domestic demand for electricity on the island. The study also found that moderate wind speed of 5.5 m/s at 50m could be found along the eastern coast. In addition, wind date have been measured at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) station in Denig district for over 10 years.Wind energy sources monitoring equipment has been installed at Anabar to test the potential of wind energy sources for power generation for Nauru, as part of PIGGAREP support for Nauru.Ocean powerOcean technologies (wave, tidal, OTEC) are still under development and do not have the proven reliability necessary for operation in remote environment. They are therefore not an option for the near future. The Japanese did a technical trial of OTEC in 1981 with an experimental plant on the west coast of Nauru that produced a net power of 15kW. The trials were mainly as engineering trials to gain experience with the technology and have not resulted in further development in Nauru.

Energy framework

A National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) 2005-2025, which sets out strategies for economic, social, infrastructural and cross-cutting sectoral reforms, was announced in 2005. It was reviewed in 2009 while keeping its long-term vision, “A future where individual, community, business and government partnerships contribute to a sustainable quality of life for all Nauruans”.According to the NSDS, the energy sector goal is to provide a reliable, affordable, secure and sustainable energy supply to meet socio-economic development needs through implementing a National Energy Policy Framework (NEPF), which addresses (i) cost effective, secure and sustainable procurement and supply of fuel, (ii) reliable and efficient energy supply and distribution, (iii) management of demand focusing on consumption efficiency and conservation, and (iv) increased use of renewable energy and other alternative forms of energy.Since 2007, the National Energy Policy Framework (NEPF) was being developed by the government with help of the Secretariat of the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) through PIEPSAP project. The NEPF was approved by cabinet in mid-2008.According to the NSDS, the medium term targets (2015) for the energy sector are: 50% of energy demand covered by alternative energy sources, including renewable; electricity losses and leakage reduced to less than 10% of power production and distribution; and electricity power demand reductions maintained at least 30% levels.The Strategic Action Plan for Renewable Energy in Nauru’s Energy Framework has a policy of a “10% increase in the share of renewable in the energy mix of Nauru by year 2020.” This is to be achieved through various means including the harnessing of Nauru’s wind resources.Nauru started a Nauru Energy Efficiency Training and Public Awareness Campaign as part of an overarching project with the primary objective of poverty alleviation by improving access to electricity to ameliorate living conditions. The specific aim of the campaign is to improve the demand side efficiency of the energy sector in Nauru, and has been structured to: commence an energy efficiency awareness raising and public education programme; conduct energy audits at Government buildings and selected residential houses; and build capacity of local agencies including the training of the Energy Efficiency Officer to carry out energy efficiency programmes such as information dissemination and public awareness activities with energy audits and implementation.An Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) 2008-2015 has been developed as part of the campaign by EDF-9 funds managed and implemented by it-Power of UK through REP-5, and executed by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) and Live & Learn. It has been developed through a consultative process involving stakeholders from the public sector, private sector and civil society groups in order to contribute to the improvement of the energy sector and livelihoods in Nauru. The overarching vision of the EEAP is as in the Nauru National Energy Policy vision statement: “Secure and sustainable energy, enabling the social and economic development of Nauru”.The EEAP provides a guideline for the development and implementation of energy efficiency strategies for short-term priorities for 2008-2010 and a medium to long-term plan for 2010-2020. The latter includes strategies to establish a Demand Side Management Team within the Power Utility, conduct loss-analysis of the electricity transmission and distribution, build capacity of local personnel, promote and demonstrate EE and conservation measures, conduct energy audits, strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks, and promote the use of alternative/EE technologies.The EU-funded Support to the Energy Sector in five ACP Pacific Islands Countries (REP-5) supported Nauru to achieve the overall objective of poverty alleviation by improving the access to electricity and thus the living conditions through energy efficiency and renewable energy activities, and was completed in 2009.With regard to RE activity, a 40 kWp grid-connected PV system has been  installed at Nauru College; and the PV system has been generating 4,500 kWh per month on average since its installation in October 2008 which translates to a fuel saving of 1,325 L per month at the power station. As for EE, over 1,800 prepayment meters were installed by August 2009 for all residential and commercial customers and the prepayment metering system came online. The prepayment meters were supplied to the NUA as part of its reform strategy, which aims at recovering its generation costs through a mix of demand-side management and a user-pays tariff structures.Within the EE projects, the REP-5 formulated a new tariff schedule that gradually increases in the tariffs to move towards a cost-recovery regime. The tariff structure was approved by Government in July 2008, and came into force in August when the prepayment system was activated. To assist customers to adjust to the new system, an extensive energy efficiency awareness campaign is underway. At the same time, an overall Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Nauru is being developed and renewable energy is being introduced. In addition, an Energy Efficiency Officer was recruited in November 2007, and oversaw the energy efficiency actions contained in Nauru's Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) until May 2009. External technical assistance was contracted in March 2008 to develop the EEAP in conjunction with the Energy Efficiency Officer. The EEAP was finalized in December 2008, and the activities contained within were implemented until June 2010 by two new Energy Efficiency Officers hired in July 2009. The Nauru Energy Efficiency Community Awareness Programme was launched in August 2009.Nauru signed the financing agreement for the European Union’s 10th EDF in October 2007 to implement a Renewable Energy Programme worth €2.3 million. EDF 10 involves activities in EE and RE projects as well as distribution/transmission line review and refurbishment. Nauru participates in the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Energy Project (PIGGAREP) of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). In 2008, IGGAREP introduced its assistance for Nauru to expand the Nauru RE market beyond those provided through the REP-5 and EDF 10. It includes key activities: a study of the potential productive uses of solar energy for desalination, laundry and catering purposes at the hospital and in fisheries; wind power feasibility study at the highest areas of Nauru (the topside); and strengthening the capacity of the NUA. The study of the potential use of solar energy is timed to take place after the adoption of the tariff study under REP-5 (in mid-2009) since the power tariff has a significant impact on the commercial viability of the solar energy applications. The strengthening of the capacity at NUA involves three activities including a small island states capacity building workshop on renewable energy technology applications, local training workshops on renewable energy, and extension of the employment of the Energy Officer at NUA which was financed by the REP-5.Nauru has endorsed the UNFCCC and is an active participant in the Pacific Islands Climate Change Action Program (PICCAP). It is also a full member of an independent, intergovernmental, regional organisation established by South Pacific nations in order to provide geotechnical services, the SOPCA, and of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP).

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte is an establishment of reflection, research and practice of industrial ecology. The Institute has an engineering division and an expertise cluster, which enables the Institute to identify new technologies linked to industrial ecology and to advise through a specific methodology adapted to local contexts. The project managers work on the practical execution of mandates and on the implementation of the industrial ecology with a particular attention to Switzerland and developing countries.

  • APEC Climate Center

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Korea
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    APCC is a organization that catalyzes climate information-based solutions through three interconnected pillars of work: climate prediction and information services; climate information application and climate change response; and capacity building. APC freely provides value-added, reliable, and timely climate prediction, while serving as a key climate information center to distribute climate data, prediction and related tools, in order to bridge technology gaps globally.