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Mozambique

Official Name:
Republic of Mozambique

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Antonio Jorge Raul Uaissone
Phone:
+258 822 425530
Emails:
antonio.uaissone@mct.gov.mz

Energy profile

Mozambique (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

The electrification rate is just 14%. It is estimated at 26% of urban areas and estimated 5% of rural areas. In rural districts, kerosene is the main fuel for lighting.EDM prepared a Master Plan for the expansion of the country’s national power grid and distribution networks with the goal of reaching 15% of the population by the year 2020, from the present 5%. This goal was archived in 2010 .Power transmission in Mozambique is an especially critical issue for the country for two reasons. First, the large size of the country and its dispersed settlement patterns make dispatching power to the entire population extremely expensive. Secondly, HCB must first export power to Eskom, which in turn sells the power back to southern Mozambique at an increased rate. There are serious technical, financial and national security implications of this. In addition, long-distance dispatching of power wastes a considerable amount of power due to line losses. 

Renewable energy potential

HydropowerMozambique has become a large hydroelectricity producer. Its hydropower generation potential is estimated at roughly 15,000 MW per year, of which only 2,100 MW is currently being exploited. The Government has identified roughly 100 locations with hydropower potential including Manica, Tete and Niassa. As electricity demand across the South African Power Pool (SAPP) grows, developing Mozambique’s hydropower potential, and the necessary transmission links to neighbouring countries, will be one of the keys to keeping costs and carbon emissions low.SolarMozambique has a huge and virtually unexploited solar potential. Annual incident solar radiation, distributed evenly across the country, is about 1.49 million GWh – thousands of times more than the country’s current annual energy demand.WindIn the context of promoting clean energy, measurements of the wind power potential in the country are taking place in the Ponta de Ouro, District of Matutuıne, in Maputo Province and Tofinho, city of Inhambane, in the province of the same name. More measurements in other locations to map the national wind power potential are planned.BiofuelUse of biomass electricity has the potential to generate the most jobs because Mozambique’s small and medium sized enterprises can be involved in all stages of the supply and production chain. Bagasse wastes from the sugar industry, copra wastes from the coconut industry and the other sources could enable Mozambique to quickly build up a power industry based on clean, indigenous biomass fuels. 

Energy framework

One of the main policy documents is the Energy Policy (1998). The Government's Energy Policy is straight-forward, presenting a clear statement on the importance of providing energy to the households and productive sectors. It aims to build capacity and improve management within the electricity sector, increasing exports and efficiency, as well as other relevant matters.The Energy Sector Strategy (2000) focuses specifically on how to implement the Energy Policy, including increasing the role of the private sector, developing more competitive markets, and the need for regulation. The Strategy complements the Energy Policy, outlining and making explicit the intentions of the government in the development of plans of action, programmes, projects, investments and other actions for the various energy sub-sectors. It provides necessary guidance for operators in the sector, financial institutions and investors.The Energy Reform and Access Project (2003-2011) aims to accelerate the use of electricity for economic growth and social services in a commercially viable manner. Thereby improving the quality of life in un-served and under-serviced areas, as well as strengthening Mozambique’s ability to increase access to modern energy. The project supports the Government's National Energy Strategy that looks to reform the country’s energy sector and increase private participation. The project also encourages the development of renewable energy, in particular solar photovoltaic systems and micro-hydro projects, as well as contributing to the reduction of Greenhouse Gases.The Electricity Master Plan for Development of the National Grid 2005-2019 focuses on Grid Supply Expansion in the short-to-medium term. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht-Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH (HZG) is one of 18 members of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres Germany's largest science organization. One of HZG's scientific organizational entities is the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), a think tank for innovations in the field of climate services.