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Marshall Islands

Official Name:
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Clarence Samuel
Position:
Director
Phone:
+692 625 7944, +692 625 7945
Emails:
clarencesam@gmail.com

Energy profile

Marshall Islands (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

In 2009, 63% of households in total had electricity. 88% of urban households, and 12% of rural households, are electrified. Nearly 90% of urban households on Ebeye Island had electric lighting in 1999, compared to 13% in outer islands, 71% of whom used kerosene.On Majuro Island, the grid served 4,582 customers in 2010, with approximately 54 km of transmission lines.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energySolar PV is the most appropriate technology for electricity production from renewable energy in the RMI. In 2006, two atolls had every house (195 in total) powered with solar lighting systems, and another two atolls were waiting for the ordered materials to arrive. In 2006, the goal was to have all 1760 households in the remote outer islands powered with solar lighting systems within the next five years (by the end of 2011).Wave energyWave energy and Ocean Tidal Energy Conversion have long-term potential, but both are the prototype stage.Biomass energyA proposed project for small-scale mill systems in the outer islands is currently on hold. MEC also plans to refit the Majuro Station One, Engine #3 to utilise biofuels. The Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative has conducted a feasibility study on the uptake of coconut/copra biofuels as a source of energy for the RMI. Tobolar copra mill is retailing a 50/50 blend of filtered coconut oil and diesel, below the price of regular diesel. SOPAC inspections have ratified that long-term use of the blend will not damage regular diesel engines.Wind energyA wind monitoring project, to assess the wind resource of the islands, is currently underway. The island's first wind turbine was installed in April 2011 by a private firm, Moana Marine LLC. Capacity currently stands at 10 kW. Wind speeds for the island have been recorded in the past by the U.S., with averages in the region of 6-7 m/s throughout the islands.Hydropower, GeothermalThere is no hydroelectric potential, due to the topography of the islands and the lack of suitable onshore water sources, and no practical geothermal energy development potential.

Energy framework

In 2003, the Marshall Islands National Energy Policy (MINEP) was adopted. In the wake of the 2008 energy crisis, the policy was updated in 2009, and a new National Energy Plan was created.In 2008, RMI was finalising a project proposal to directly address the region’s energy needs and vulnerability to climate change impacts. This US$ 14 million program would provide approximately US$ 1 million of support for renewable energy projects in RMI’s outer islands.The Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative (GSEII) had two projects in the RMI: an Energy Efficient Lighting Program, providing 10,000 energy efficient light bulbs, and a project to expand the use of photovoltaic technology.The RMI are also going to benefit from the 10th EU Development Program 2008-2013. Funding for the island increased by 26%, to €5.8 million. Under the previous EDP, outer islands in particular were supported in their drive to establish renewable energy systems. Funding again targets renewable energy and energy efficiency, but capacity building and institutional strengthening of the office of the National Authorising Officer is also supported.In the Barbados Declaration on Achieving Sustainable Energy for All in  Small Island Developing States (SIDS - 2012), the country reiterates its commitment to the Marshall Islands 2009 National Energy Policy and Energy Action Plan, the 2011 National Climate Change Policy Framework and Joint National Action Plan (for climate change adaptation, energy security and disaster risk reduction), and the Green Energy Micronesia initiative:1. A 40% reduction in CO2 emissions below 2009 levels by 2020;2. Electrification of 100% of urban households and 95% of rural outer atoll households by 2015;3. The provision of 20% of energy through indigenous renewable resources by 2020;4. Improved efficiency of energy use in 50% of households and businesses, and 75% of government buildings by 2020;5. A 20% efficiency improvement in transportation sector fuel use by 2020;6. Feasibility studies and internationally supported financing plans for innovative ‘game-changing’ renewable energy and sustainable development opportunities including Majuro atoll waste-to-energy and Kwajalein/Ebeye atoll OTEC plants undertaken by 2015. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte is an establishment of reflection, research and practice of industrial ecology. The Institute has an engineering division and an expertise cluster, which enables the Institute to identify new technologies linked to industrial ecology and to advise through a specific methodology adapted to local contexts. The project managers work on the practical execution of mandates and on the implementation of the industrial ecology with a particular attention to Switzerland and developing countries.

  • APEC Climate Center

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Korea
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    APCC is a organization that catalyzes climate information-based solutions through three interconnected pillars of work: climate prediction and information services; climate information application and climate change response; and capacity building. APC freely provides value-added, reliable, and timely climate prediction, while serving as a key climate information center to distribute climate data, prediction and related tools, in order to bridge technology gaps globally.