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Lesotho

Official Name:
Kingdom of Lesotho

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Lefa Thamae
Position:
Director
Phone:
+266 58864957, +266 62864957, +266 22323763
Emails:
lefathamae@gmail.com

Energy profile

Lesotho (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2010): 16%.Urban: 44%Rural: 6%As of June 2011, 22% of Lesotho households had access to electricity, primarily concentrated in the urban and growth centres where infrastructure services are relatively well developed in terms of transmission and distribution. Less than 6% of the area serviced by grid is defined as rural. 

Renewable energy potential

Lesotho has identified hydropower, wind generation and solar power as potential renewable energy sources.It is estimated that the hydro generation potential for Lesotho is approximately 450 MW. Wind power potential of a few hundred MW has been identified, and there are currently three sites being investigated. Solar power has been implemented in several schemes such as the World Bank project and the UNDP/GEF project. 

Energy framework

Provision of modern energy services is in line with the strategic intervention pillars of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (PRGS) and Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Lesotho (2008–12), which are, in turn, derived from the Lesotho’s Vision 2020.The Vision 2020 energy target is to have at least 35% of the population connected to electricity by 2015 (up from the current 20%), 40% by 2020 and to reduce the rate of wood use in national energy consumption.Lesotho Renewable Energy-Based Rural Electrification Project (LREBRE)Under the UNDP/GEF-supported LREBRE Project, a total of 5000 solar home systems (SHS) will be installed by 2012. Since the start of the project, a total of 1537 SHS with a capacity of 65 W have been installed, and an estimated 500 SHS have also been independently installed as a result of the project’s influence.The project’s main objective is to reduce Lesotho’s energy related CO2 emissions by promoting Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) – in particular stand-alone solar PV systems for households – as an affordable substitute for fossil fuel-based energy sources in rural areas, which have a low load density and are remote from the national electricity grid. The activities proposed in the project, ranging from awareness-building and training for industry actors to support for the actual instalment of RET systems, were designed to remove critical barriers to the wide-scale utilization of RETs in rural areas and create the enabling environment for the long-term growth and sustainability of a market-based RET in Lesotho. The project is focused on MDG7 “Ensuring environmental sustainability” and supports the broader objectives of MDG1 “poverty reduction” through household income, health, education, gender, and the environment.In its endeavour to support and assist the development of the solar industry in Lesotho, the reactivation and support of the Lesotho Solar Energy Society (LESES) has beeen an important development. The benefits are not restricted to the users, but also extend to those participating in sales and, more particularly installation activities. It is estimated that by late 2010, more than 100 PV installers and/or dealers were registered with LESES, which represents a significant increase from the pre-LREBRE period when only a handful of small companies and individuals were engaged in PV system installations and/or sales. More than 80% of the solar dealers in Lesotho are now members of LESES. One of the most significant impacts has been the project’s indirect influence on the successful introduction of renewable energy policy targets. The project has, in 2008, ensured that renewable energy technologies were featured in the National Rural Electrification Master Plan, and that local PV installers are aware and trained on the use of the Lesotho PV Code of Practice. There has been access to imported solar components. Community participation and the establishment of cooperatives are being encouraged. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht-Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH (HZG) is one of 18 members of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres Germany's largest science organization. One of HZG's scientific organizational entities is the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), a think tank for innovations in the field of climate services.