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Iraq

Official Name:
Republic of Iraq
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Susan Sami Al-Banaa
Position:
Director
Phone:
+964 18852569
Emails:
suzan_banna@yahoo.com, iraqccc@gmail.com

Energy profile

Iraq (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Prior to 2003, approximately 82% of citizens had access to electricity, but as a result of the conflict this figure has seriously decreased.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyIraq has good potential for solar power, with an average irradiation of 5.6 kWh/m2/day and more than 3200 sunny hours per year. However, using solar power in Iraq has unique challenges, including dust and the high ambient temperature. Iraq's Ministry of Electricity is currently following a five-year plan to create 16 new solar power plants, with a combined capacity of 3,500 MW.Hydro energyIraq has traditionally used hydro-power to generate electricity taking advantage of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. As generation of these units declined drastically in recent years due to the reduction in water resources, more efforts are needed to optimise energy generation from water flow.Wind energyWith an estimated 4.9 full-load hours per day in certain areas, Iraq has moderate wind energy potential. The semi-autonomous region of Kurdistan has also begun investment in wind technology, with 6 turbines being installed in a pilot project currently.Geothermal energyAs yet, there is no installed geothermal capacity in the country, nor are there plans to utilise the country's geothermal resource. Average temperatures of 100ºC at 5,000 metres indicate a low potential for power generation by geothermal means in the country, but such a resource could still be utilised for space/water heating.Biomass energyNo dedicated plans are in place as yet to generate power from biomass in the country, nor has an extensive study of the available biomass resource been conducted.BiofuelsPlans are under-way for investment in bioethanol production from dates. Prior to 2003, Iraq was the world's fifth-largest date producer, and revitalising the neglected plantations is a possible strategy. Plans are also under-way to adapt salt-water mangroves to the same purpose, due to their suitability to Iraqi environmental conditions.

Energy framework

The Oil Law of May 2007 opened opportunities for foreign companies to run some of Iraq's larger oil fields, whilst reducing the role of the state-controlled utility. Sustainable energy is still in it's infancy in the country, and as such programs to promote it are few. The Kurdistan regional government has recently commenced a plan to survey hydro- and wind-power resources in the region.The proposed Hydrocarbons Law, which governs oil contracting and regulation, has been under review in the Council of Ministers since October 2008. However, the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), the official ruling body of a federated region in northern Iraq that is predominantly Kurdish, passed its own hydrocarbons law in 2007.The Ministry of Electricity is developing seven renewable energy projects with potential combined capacity of 830 MW. The largest potential renewable energy project calls for a geothermal unit in Najaf with proposed capacity of 450 MW. A geothermal plant with capacity of 300 MW is also planned for Al-Kifil. The four proposed solar plants at Rutba, Nukhaib, Al-Ahwar and Al-Salman will have capacity of 10-30 MW.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.