Connecting countries to climate technology solutions
English Arabic Chinese (Simplified) French Russian Spanish Yoruba

Georgia

Official Name:
Georgia
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms.Maia Tskhvaradze
Position:
Acting Head of Climate Change Division
Phone:
+995 322 47 01 01
Emails:
maia.tskhvaradze@mepa.gov.ge

Energy profile

Georgia (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Georgia has very well developed electricity network. Actually 100% of populated area of the country has access to the electricity network.

Renewable energy potential

There is a vast untapped potential of Energy Efficiency (EE) and Renewable Energy (RE) in Georgia that has to be incorporated in energy security improvements. In fact, Georgia has one of the largest undeveloped hydro power potentials in the world at about 32 TWh per year. Georgia’s potential hydro power production is roughly 7.27 MWh per capita, which is considerably higher than that of the world’s biggest hydro power producers, Norway and Canada.  The economically achievable annual potential of renewable energy sources (RES) can be estimated as: small hydro – 5 TWh, wind – 5 TWh, biomass – 3–4TWh, solar – 60–120 GWh, geothermal – 0.8 TWh. However, the share of RE is still only a few percent in Georgia’s energy balance.  By far the hydro electric potential is the main prospective resource of domestic energy. According to various estimates there is a possibility to economically develop about 20–30TWh of annual generation.Adoption of RE & EE legislation would be a strong factor in support of developing these resources. Development of this resource offers the potential for cooperation in this field with neighbouring countries that are facing the similar challenges.

Energy framework

Georgia currently has no special legislative acts to regulate the use of renewable energy sources. The Tax Code enacted in 2005 does not provide any tax benefits for the production and use, import and putting equipment into operation for the production of renewable energy or power saving equipment. The existing law on electricity and gas does not include renewable energy sources explicitly. Goals for renewables have been developed, however.Georgia ratified the UN climate change agreements in 1994, established a National Climate Protection Program in 1996, and acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 1999. Consequently the conditions for participating in measures within the framework of the Clean Development Mechanism are in place. Initial proposals for CDM projects in the wind sector are already on hand.Renewable Energy 2008 State ProgramInvestors can benefit from the incentives provided through the Renewable Energy 2008 State Program. Under the program, new Hydro Power Plants up to 100 MW are offered a guaranteed purchasing agreement with ESCO for the first 10 years of operation in which the tariff can be negotiated between the investor and GNEWRC. Alternatively, SHPP operators, i. e. HPPs with a capacity up to 10 MW, have the opportunity to sell electricity directly to consumers at tariffs negotiated bilaterally or even to export without the need for an export license. In any case, however, operators have to agree to supply only domestic customers during the three winter months in a year.USAID project "New Applied Technology Efficiency and Lightning Initiative”Goal is to convince Georgia's large energy consumers - hospitals, condominium associations and others - to use special materials and facilities to decrease energy consumption and accordingly cut expenses.USAID Project “Clean Energy for internally displaced person (IDP)” Assessment of the social, technical, economic and environmental aspects of the introduction of renewable energy and energy saving solutions in the newly constructed or rehabilitated houses for the IDPs.Energy Efficiency Programme for Georgian Communities- Energy Bus ProjectUrban Heating and Residential Energy Efficiency for Utility Affordability in the Republic of Georgia USAID-approved research outline for the studies on Urban Heating and Residential Energy Efficiency for Utility Affordability in the Republic of Georgia, which will be developed under the World Learning/USAID Energy Sector Grant Program.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.