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Djibouti

Official Name:
Republic of Djibouti

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Idriss Ismael Nour
Position:
Directeur Adjoint de l'Environnement
Phone:
+253 77 84 95 04
Emails:
distri_play@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Djibouti (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

The national electrification rate in 2003 was 49.5%, and the electrification rate in urban areas was estimated to be 57% in 2006. The government expects 60% of the entire population to have access to electricity in 2015. No major developments to the indigenous transmission network have occurred since the colonial era, and its extent still limited, although power interconnections with neighbouring countries, particularly Ethiopia, have been developed in recent years.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyDjibouti's location on the Horn of Africa is ideal for solar energy. Average daily insolation is 5.5-6.5 kWh/m2 over the whole country. The Japanese government has recently extended a grant for the installation of solar panels at the Djibouti Centre for Research and Studies, the state scientific institution. Djibouti has set a target of achieving electrification of 30% of the rural population by solar photovoltaics, by 2017. In addition, the government sees solar power as a key tool in electrification and development, and has set several technical and economic targets for the technology by 2017.Wind energyStudies conducted in the 1980s indicated that average wind speeds across Djibouti peak at 4 m/s, indicating a moderate potential for wind energy. Government studies in 2002 concluded that Goubet, at the entrance to the Gulf of Tadjourah, has the potential for a 50 MW wind farm, and that Gali Maab Wein and Bada also have significant wind potential.  Biomass energyWith the majority of the country being semidesert, the potential for large-scale power production from biomass is expected to be of limited feasibility. However, no formal assessment has yet been made into the country's biomass potential.  Geothermal energyIn 2001, an American firm, Geothermal Development Associates (GDA), completed a feasibility study for a 30 MW geothermal power plant in the Lake Assal region, west of the capital. EDD aimed to execute the $115 million plant using a Build-Own-Operate (BOO) model. With financing for the project finally put in place in 2008, Reykjavik Energy Invest (REI), an Icelandic company, is now poised to implement it, and the plant is expected to begin production in 2012, replacing some of the electricity currently generated using diesel. Drilling identification of other potential resources is also underway, with a great deal of interest from potential Indian and Chinese investors.  HydropowerDjibouti has no hydroelectric potential.

Energy framework

The government’s goals are to:(i) improve efficiency and financial performance of the electricity utility through loss reduction measures;(ii) address key service delivery constraints through rehabilitation and extension of networks, and administrative improvements;(iii) explore new resources for power generation (for example, renewable energy and interconnection with Ethiopia).The government is also in the process of engaging in a comprehensive solar energy development plan, with various targets for dissemination of the technology, including:(i) equipping 70 rural boreholes and 100 other wells with solar pumps,(ii) equipping all rural health centres and 100 rural schools with solar arrays,(iii) the electrification of 5,000 households with solar PV by 2017, increasing rural electrification to 30%.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht-Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH (HZG) is one of 18 members of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres Germany's largest science organization. One of HZG's scientific organizational entities is the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), a think tank for innovations in the field of climate services.