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Congo

Official Name:
Republic of the Congo

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Madzou Moukili
Position:
Directeur de la Promotion des Valeurs Socio-économiques
,
Name:
Andre Mfoukou Tsakala
Phone:
+242 05 549 07 20
Emails:
andremfoukou@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Republic of Congo (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Population Access to Electricity (2008): 34.9%Rural: 16.4%Urban: 51.3%Overall electrification had increased to 37.1% in 2009. Electricity consumption in Congo is low as the country has a large rural population for whom the primary source of fuel is traditional biomass. Electricity transmission links are poor in many parts of the country, and these, coupled with the effects of the civil war in recent years, have contributed to a disrupted power supply service. Only about 6% of the population have access to the power grid. Overall, the transmission network of the country extends over 1,588km, and transmission occurs at both 220 kV and 110 kV.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyThe Programme National de Développement des Energies Nouvelles et Renouvelables (ENR), is currently exploring the use of photovoltaic/solar equipment in Djiri. Due to the heavily-forested nature of the country, the potential for power generation by solar photovoltaics is non-ideal, although a significant potential for solar thermal utilisation exists. Average insolation in the country ranges from 2.0-3.0 kWh/m2/day.Wind energyCurrent development of wind energy technologies is minimal and current installed capacity is at a similar level, although sites have been identified in both the North and South of the country as having sufficient potentials to generate electricity. Average wind speeds of ~5.5-6.0 m/s have been observed. Biomass energyThere is currently a great deal of forestry for wood, which is used to produce energy. Significant biomass energy potential exists in the country, particularly in the form of the production of palm oil for biodiesel. Some 12 million acres of land have been identified as having the potential to support some form of woody biomass for energy use. The African Fund for Biofuels and Renewable Energy is currently supporting the Congo-Carbon project, which will be implemented in two phases: the production of industrial carbon from forest residues, and reforestation in areas of depleted forest resources. Geothermal energyCurrently, no geothermal resources have been identified in the country, and no major studies into the potential resource have been conducted. Hydropower An exhaustive inventory carried out in 1981 identified a number of sites which can accommodate large hydroelectric power stations, and the hydroelectric potential of this (2,500MW) would certainly be a good substitute for wood energy. Two of these sites are around Pointe Noire and Brazzaville, which contain the majority of the Congolese population. The most significant project would be the Sounda Gorge dam, with an estimated capacity of 1,200 MW. Ministerial consultations have been held with South Africa’s Industrial Development Corporation to consider financing for the US$ 1 billion project. Recent developments have included the Imboulou hydroelectric project, expected to have expanded to 120 MW of capacity by the end of 2011.

Energy framework

1994 saw the introduction of a hydrocarbon code, with stricter rules on the use of hydrocarbons, and a more concentrated effort to benefit from water/ hydroelectric energy.  More recently, an electricity regulation project is being explored.The Programme National de Développement des Energies Nouvelles et Renouvelables(ENR) aims to manage energy and energy efficiency by controlling a rational amount of energy consumption, by processes that are respectful to the environment. An agency of local expertise should be created to control energy and the environment. The Republic of Congo is also a signatory of the UNFCCC, with the First National Communication being available from www.bdix.net.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht-Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH (HZG) is one of 18 members of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres Germany's largest science organization. One of HZG's scientific organizational entities is the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), a think tank for innovations in the field of climate services.    

  • Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte is an establishment of reflection, research and practice of industrial ecology. The Institute has an engineering division and an expertise cluster, which enables the Institute to identify new technologies linked to industrial ecology and to advise through a specific methodology adapted to local contexts. The project managers work on the practical execution of mandates and on the implementation of the industrial ecology with a particular attention to Switzerland and developing countries.