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Belize

Official Name:
Belize

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Lennox Gladden
Position:
Chief Climate Change Officer
Phone:
(501) 828-8962
Emails:
policy.coord@environment.gov.bz, coord.cc@environment.gov.bz

Energy profile

Belize (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

In Belize, 85% of the total households have electricity; almost 100% of the urban areas (Belize, Corozal and Orange Walk districts) have light, and 49.59% of the rural area (mostly the Stann Creek and Toledo Towns and villages).Even though Belize is making an effort to electrify its rural communities, partially causing a rise in energy demand estimated at 9% per year, there are still a large amount of households without electric services. Electrification is expected to expand in line with an expected rise in electricity demand. Some of the rural communities that lack electricity are situated in areas that are not easily accessible to the transmission network. Therefore there might be a need to assess whether off-grid solutions could be more cost effective for these communities.

Renewable energy potential

In Belize there is a need to produce more electricity to meet the rising electricity needs and minimize the need to import power from Mexico. Renewable Energy may have the potential to provide more power at acceptable prices, job opportunities and the building of skills and expertise. The utilization of other renewable energy sources would also create a more diversified energy sector and provide a greater security of energy supply.Hydropower generation alone will not be able to meet Belize’s need for rising electricity demand Presently, with the exception of biomass, only a small fraction of the country’s renewable energy potential is exploited. Biomass (firewood and bagasse) plays some role in Belize’s energy supply.Hydropower energyBelize has gradually started to utilize its hydropower potential. Even though the potential hydropower resource is relatively small, there are sites that offer options for further hydropower development without the need to inundate large areas of rainforest for storage reservoirs. A 2006 study of Belize’s hydropower potential identified several possible hydropower schemes for Belize. A list of the possible projects is listed below:Chalillo II ProjectBetween the existing Chalillo dam and the Mollejon dam, there is an unused gross head (drop) of about 95 m. The development of a project on this site is estimated to have a potential capacity of 16 MW.Mopan RiverA project consisting of a cascade system along the Mopan River has been considered to have a hydropower potential of 15-20 MW. The Mopan valley is easily accessible by road and provided with transmission lines. The environmental impact of a project in the Mopan Valley is estimated to be almost insignificant, but might require some resettlement or adaptation of existing human and tourist activities.Macal River project, downstream of Vaca Falls 23 km, downstream of Vaca Falls there is a slope of 0.13% on a 32 m head. There is a possibility of installing low-head turbines to generate a maximum of 8.4 MW. The site is easily accessible and in proximity to lines of the national power network.Solar energy Solar PV could be an economically viable option, particularly considering the future in crude oil prices. Belize’s average solar radiation in an optimal tilt angle is roughly estimated at 2,000-3,000 kWh/m2 per year. Taking into consideration the cost of deploying current technologies, solar generation would cost between 0.20 and 0.50 US$/kWh. This cost could drop to 0.10 US$/kWh by 2020. In addition to households, large scale solar PV systems could contribute significantly to power the industrial sector. Solar PV home systems typically consist of one 40 to 60 Watts-peak (Wp) module and one battery, which are highly cost-effective considering Belize’s climate and solar radiation values. National legislation does not contemplate tax incentives for the generation of electricity by means of photovoltaic systems.Wind energy Estimated mean wind velocity at 80 meters above ground is approximately 7 to 8m/s. Assuming an average velocity of 6 m/s, electricity generation costs are calculated at 0.05 to 0.10 US$/kWh for off-grid systems. Some studies suggest that Belize’s potential for wind power is some 20 MW. However, no comprehensive study on wind generation capacity has been conducted nationwide. The Baldy Beacon area shows considerable potential for wind power generation.Paradise Technology Solutions have developed a Sustainability Plan to assist the Belizean Government in achieving “a disciplined approach to Sustainable Growth”. Amongst other activities, there is a proposal for the development of a 40 MW wind or solar farm is planned. The aim is to provide enough renewable energy to substitute imported oil for energy production.Geothermal energy Belize has a very low potential for geothermal resources. However, neighbouring countries such as Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador have great geothermal potential, which they could export in the form of electricity to Belize. The government of Belize should explore agreements with those countries with the aim of gaining access to cheaper, clean electricity.

Energy framework

In 2004, the national energy plan for Belize was presented; it included analysis of the energy sector and made policy recommendations to promote several forms of sustainable energy, such as a renewable energy portfolio standard and minimum local generation standard. However, the country has no renewables-specific policies, either as a part of a comprehensive energy strategy or specific to the electricity sub-sector.Short of policies, Belize has taken some actions to encourage renewables investment, including developing an investor’s information packet. A national renewable energy education and awareness program aims to communicate the overall goals of the government. Also, several initiatives to encourage solar water heaters and small PV and wind systems have been developed. A comprehensive renewable energy training initiative with the purpose of increasing utility staff and project developers’ capacity to develop and utilize these resources has been established.Belize does not currently have an energy efficiency law or an entity specifically responsible for related policies and programs. The government would like to implement a comprehensive energy-efficiency training program for utility personnel, hotel developers and engineers, potential entrepreneurs, and other relevant stakeholders. It is planning to revise building codes to include potential energy saving design features and may conduct a study of energy end-use practices in all sectors in collaboration with BEL and an organization experienced in conducting surveys.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Tambourine Innovation Ventures Inc.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Incorporated in 2015, Tambourine Innovation Ventures (TIV) is an innovation advisory and venture development firm that provides a full suite of services and solutions to the challenges and needs generated by the increasing interest and activity globally in the areas of climate change adaptation/mitigation, innovation, technology transfer and venture finance. TIV founders and consultants bring more than three decades of experience in assisting the developing countries access innovative technologies from the industrialized countries and grow technology ventures.

  • Sud Austral Consulting SpA

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Chile
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.is a consulting company created through individual and collective experience of its members, after recurring mutual collaboration for several years it was consolidated in early 2012 in the creation of a consulting entity formally established. The experience of professionals and technicians of Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.has resulted in consulting services in projects developed by governments, public and private institutions, both in Chile, South and Central America.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.