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Benin

Official Name:
Republic of Benin

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Mr. Aminou Raphiou Adissa
Position:
Direction Generale de la Gestion des Changements Climatiques
Phone:
+229 95223 089
Emails:
aminou_raphiou@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Benin (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National Electrification Rate (2009): 25%Urban: 53%Rural: 2%Important differences in access to electricity remain between urban and rural populations. Whereas 53% of urban dwellers have access to electricity, only 2% of rural residents do. Lack of adequate and reliable supply of electricity has forced more than 60% of the population to rely on biomass as their primary energy source.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyThe solar energy potential of Benin varies between 3.9 kWh/m² and 6.2 kWh/m². Currently, 448 kW of PV installations are operational, primarily for villages, health centres, and telecommunications, funded by the government or the Islamic Development Bank.Wind energyAccording to the National Meteorological Office, the wind speed varies between 3 and 6 m/s. More detailed information is not available; therefore it is not possible to give a complete overview of the existing potential.Biomass energyThe potential of wood energy includes contributions generated through National Reforestation Campaigns, as well as allocations of the National Wood Resources Office. The objective of the dedicated firewood project is to increase the supply of wood energy by enlarging plantations in the south of Benin.  Besides traditional wood energy, a substantial potential of about 5 million tons is identified from agricultural residues.There are currently only a few production capacities for ethanol. For example, the Benin sugar plant, operated by “Sucrerie Complant du Bénin“ (SUCOBE), produces 40,000 tons of sugar and 4,200 m³ of ethanol per year. The YUEKEN Benin International plant has an output of 3,000 m³ of ethanol per year, derived from cassava. Due to the missing distribution infrastructure this production is not used for energy or transport purposes.BiofuelsVarious oils like pourghère, castor, palm, cotton, soy and peanut oils could be used for the production of biodiesel. In Benin there are few plants that can process vegetable oil to transport fuels. Two installations with a combined capacity of 210,000 tons are located in Bohicon. Furthermore, there is a palm oil plant in Hinvi. The capacities of these plants are not fully exploited, with currently only 30% being used.The utilization of ethanol at an admixture rate of 15 % will create a market for roughly 33 million litres per annum. A recent survey identified a potential of 116 million litres in 2015 and 229 million litres in 2020. If the market of the European Union is taken into account, these figures are even higher.Geothermal energyNo study has been conducted into geothermal potential of Benin. The country has little change in elevation, and little active volcanism, suggesting a low potential.HydropowerBenin has a significant potential for hydropower. A recent survey shows the Oueme River is sufficient for  twenty sites with a total capacity of 760 MW, and annual output of more than 280 GWh. Approximately 80 other sites are equipped with small-scale hydro installations for rural electrification.

Energy framework

Benin does have high potential for renewable energy. Renewable energy is viewed as an option for increasing energy independence and reducing the reliance on expensive energy imports. Consequently, the national objective is to increase the electricity production and to promote a significant contribution of renewable energy to the overall energy supply of Benin. The stated objective of state policy is to cover the whole territory within the next two decades.The national strategy is to facilitate private sector involvement in rural electrification. The country has been divided into 15 zones, known as Concessions for Rural Electrification (REB). Localities within each zone can develop initiatives for the electrification of their area, but there are also calls for bids for concessions. Within the REBs, Priority Programmes for Rural Electrification (PPRA) are the electrification of localities identified as priorities. There are 4 concessions currently under development. In order to enable consistent resources to finance rural electrification, the government has created a rural electrification fund (ERF). This fund is drawn from a combination of resources such as state grants, donor funding, gifts and bequests and taxes on electricity production. Nevertheless, the rural electrification programme is currently under funded.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Tambourine Innovation Ventures Inc.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Incorporated in 2015, Tambourine Innovation Ventures (TIV) is an innovation advisory and venture development firm that provides a full suite of services and solutions to the challenges and needs generated by the increasing interest and activity globally in the areas of climate change adaptation/mitigation, innovation, technology transfer and venture finance. TIV founders and consultants bring more than three decades of experience in assisting the developing countries access innovative technologies from the industrialized countries and grow technology ventures.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.