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Burkina Faso

Official Name:
Burkina Faso

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Specialized agency
Name:
Mr. Ouedraogo Pamoussa
Position:
Représentant Directeur Général
Phone:
+22 65 03 57 879
Emails:
ouedpams@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Burkina Faso (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

 Only about 18% f the population has access to electricity, about 40% in urban areas and 3% in rural areas. 

Renewable energy potential

In Burkina Faso, renewable energy concerns mainly the use of the fuel wood. Indeed, at household level in peri-urban and rural areas, biomass is the primary energy source for cooking.  Due to accelerating urbanization in recent decades, services in peri-urban areas are collapsing under the strain of rapid development, resulting in an uncontrolled sanitation and household energy insecurity. However,  the further development of renewable energy technologies is only marginally supported by the government, despite its significant potential.Solar energyAccording to a study by the Research Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (IRSAT) and the Direction of National Meteorology (DMN), the average potential is high, estimated at 5.5 kWh/m2/day for 3,000 to 3,500 hours per annum. Currently, photovoltaic solar systems are used for refrigeration, water pumping, communication, lighting, video and television.Wind energyDue to the western location of Burkina Faso, the potential for wind power is very limited. The average wind speed ranges between 1 and 3 m/s, with the maximum only obtained in the North. However, small-scale generators at suitable sites and for selective purposes (e.g. water pumping, desalination systems etc.) might be feasible.Biomass energyIn many provinces of Burkina Faso, especially in the Sudano-Sahelian and Sudanian Zone, sufficient biomass resources are available.  The production of biomass resources is particularly substantial in the forest areas of the East, West and Southwest.Geothermal energyNo study has been conducted as to the geothermal potential of Burkina Faso.HydropowerA survey of hydroelectric sites by the Centre National d’Equipement Hydraulique (EDFSONABEL, National Centre of Hydraulic Equipment) examined large and small scale hydroelectric sites. The capacity ranges between 65 and 550 kW with 5 to 15 GWh/year, and 550 to 1,700 kW with at least 5 GWh/year. The study shows that the hydropower potential of rural areas is sufficient for decentralised electricity production. The study identifies some sites where the estimated production cost range between CFAF 100 (US $0.19) and CFAF 175 (US $0.33)  per kWh, and several others with estimated costs of at least CFAF 200 (US $0.38) per kWh. Hydroelectricity utilisation covers about 20% of the national electric consumption (incl. imports from Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire).

Energy framework

A sector reform was launched with the Energy Sector Development Policy Paper (“Lettre de politique de développement du secteur de l’énergie”) in December 2000. Following this new policy strategy, a first measure had been the opening of the national power and hydrocarbon companies (SONABEL and SONABHY) to private participation (law no. 15-2001/AN).The next steps occurred in 2004-2005 with the 060/98/AN law revision project, whichpromoted further institutional changes :The Power sector would be split in two segments: the first one consists of centres already exploited by SONABEL, and the rest is the responsibility of the rural electrification fund (“Fond de Développement de l’Electrification” – FDE).SONABEL would become a concessionaire and has the sole responsibility of exploiting and maintaining the existing infrastructure, while the ownership istransferred to a dedicated entity.Funding and supervising of rural electrification would be led by the FDE through concessions to natural persons or legal entities.A regulation entity would also be createdWhile the FDE was created in February 2003 (in collaboration with Danish cooperation) and has been effectively operational since November 2004, the regulator and the infrastructure management entity are not yet operational.Up to now, there are no policies or strategic directions for the utilisation of renewable energy. However, a guiding principle for PV was outlined in a program to supply basic energy services. Adopted in 2007, the Strategy for Rural Electrification supports solar energy for the electrification of rural areas currently lacking connection to the SONABEL grid.Currently, a national strategy for the regulation of wood fuel trade is being elaborated by the government. Furthermore, in December 2000, the government of Burkina Faso began to elaborate energy and poverty alleviation policies with the following objectives:Development of the energy administration (capacity and policy formulation);Enhancement of efficient energy supply  (electricity, hydrocarbons, wood fuel, renewable energies);Socio- economic development, and;The alleviation of poverty.The Government’s Ministère de l’Environnement et du Cadre de Vie is also trying to promote energy-efficient butane stoves to slow deforestation and reduce pollution from wood fuel, but progress is difficult. In order to meet the future demand for energy, the government launched some actions, including:An Electricity and Infrastructure Strengthening and Rural Electrification Project to rehabilitate and extend the national energy generation and energy grid. While this project will increase accessibility, measures to improve the efficiency of the system need to be implemented in order to decrease dependency on neighbouring countries’ power sources.Additional adaptation options for the energy sector include ‘green’ stoves and other alternative energy equipment, such as water heaters and solar dryers.Declaration on the use of solar energyIn Ouagadougou in October 2009, there was a commitment to promote the development of a national solar central plant. This initiative merits further attention.Regional Programme for the Promotion of Household and Alternative Energies in the Sahel, (PREDAS)A regional programme, partly funded by the European Community, to promote household and alternative energies in nine Sahel countries, including Burkina Faso. This programme has carried out a comparative study of the energy taxation systems in the nine countries and proposed recommendations to the countries.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Tambourine Innovation Ventures Inc.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Incorporated in 2015, Tambourine Innovation Ventures (TIV) is an innovation advisory and venture development firm that provides a full suite of services and solutions to the challenges and needs generated by the increasing interest and activity globally in the areas of climate change adaptation/mitigation, innovation, technology transfer and venture finance. TIV founders and consultants bring more than three decades of experience in assisting the developing countries access innovative technologies from the industrialized countries and grow technology ventures.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.