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Argentina

Official Name:
Argentine Republic

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Silvia Beatriz Vasquez
Position:
Director of Environmental Affairs
Phone:
+54-11 4819-7405
Emails:
digma@mrecic.gov.ar

Energy profile

Argentina (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2003): 95%In urban areas: 98%In rural areas: 70%.

Renewable energy potential

Industry observers believe that Argentina has the potential to significantly expand its hydroelectric generating capacity, as the country has only exploited an estimated 20% of its surveyed hydroelectric potential.HydropowerThere are currently over 14 hydropower plants with generation capacities ranging from 100 MW to 3,200 MW. The two largest hydropower generation plants rely on bi-national projects: the 3,200 MW Yacyretá plant (Argentina and Paraguay) and the 1,890 MW Salto Grande plant (Argentina and Uruguay). A third hydroelectric project of 3,000 MW on the Paraná (Argentina and Paraguay) is under evaluation by both governments.Wind energyThe Argentine region has a very large wind potential. The Chubut Wind Power Regional Centre (CREE) estimated the theoretical potential for the region at 500 GW of electricity generation. This large potential is still largely unexploited. One of the reasons for this underdevelopment is that existing tariffs and incentives do not make wind power development attractive enough yet. However, the main deterrent to wind power development in the region has been the lack of transmission lines that connect the Patagonia region with the National Interconnected System. The completion of the Choele-Choel-Puerto Madryn high voltage line, the first section of Línea Patagónica, under the framework of the Plan Federal de Transporte de Energía Eléctrica eliminated this bottleneck in March 2006. Argentina installed new wind turbines in 2010 with a capacity of 25,3 MW.Solar energyIn April 2011, the first solar energy park in Latin America, Photovoltaic Pilot Plant San Juan I, opened in Ullum, province of San Juan. It is the first in a series of seven alternative energy ventures, including the photovoltaic plants of Cañada Honda (Sarmiento), and La Chimbera (May 25), which will produce a total of 20 MW, the energy consumed by approximately 25,000 homes.

Energy framework

To deal with the energy crisis, the Government introduced different plans and programs.National Energy Plan 2004-2008 (Plan Energético Nacional). This plan contemplates several mechanisms to be applied during the specified period of time. Some of the measures are:- Implementation of the Argentine-Venezuelan Agreement for the provision of fuel oil.- Continuous importation form Brazil.- Execution of the rational energy consumption program for natural gas and electric energy.Emergency Programs: with Energía Eléctrica Distribuida I and II Programmes, ENARSA installed small transportable units and floating power plants to support main Argentine provinces during periods of peak generation.New projects directed to increase the Argentinean generation capacity such as Atucha II.  This 750 MW NucleoEléctrica Argentina S.A. (NASA) nuclear plant remains under construction.Rural electrification program with renewable energies (Programa de Energías Renovables en Mercados Eléctricos Rurales - PERMER) which was due to end in 2008, but has been extended to 2011.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Sud Austral Consulting SpA

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Chile
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.is a consulting company created through individual and collective experience of its members, after recurring mutual collaboration for several years it was consolidated in early 2012 in the creation of a consulting entity formally established. The experience of professionals and technicians of Sud-Austral Consulting S.p.A.has resulted in consulting services in projects developed by governments, public and private institutions, both in Chile, South and Central America.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.