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Afghanistan

Official Name:
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Specialized agency
Name:
Mr. Gulam Hassan Amiry
Position:
Head of Climate Change
Phone:
+93797387299
Emails:
ghulamamiry@hotmail.com

Energy profile

Afghanistan (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Seven regional electricity grids exist with supply coming from domestic hydro and thermal generation and imported power. The country has never had high rates of electrification - less than 10% of the population have intermittent access to publicly provided power. Many load centres across the country are supplied with electricity for only two to three hours a day. In remote rural areas, off-grid and mini-grid solutions remain the only feasible solution for the provision of electricity. Renewable energy sources (RES), especially mini and micro-hydropower, are being implemented to varying degrees across the country.

Renewable energy potential

The limited reach of regional grids mean that smaller scale off grid renewable energy (RE) technologies (such as small hydro, solar PV, solar thermal and wind) can play a significant role in the provision of energy.Afghanistan has significant renewable resources, primarily in the form of hydropower. It is estimated that 23,000MW of hydropower resources potential are available but only 260MW have been developed thus far. In mountainous areas there is sufficient head to make even very low flow streams effective, and glacier-fed streams provide year-round minimum water flow.Solar resources are also good given the high altitudes and approximately 300 days of sunshine a year, which provide about 6.5 kWh/m2/day. The wind power potential is high in Herat province but less strong in other regions. Geothermal resources may also be feasible in the longer term.The use of sustainable biomass for power generation would require significant reforestation and irrigation efforts. Afghanistan now has only 3% forest or woody shrub land cover and this continues to be deforested for the illegal timber trade in Pakistan and domestic heat and cooking purposes. The biogas potential is also quite low.

Energy framework

In 2006, the Government and the international community produced an interim version of the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and Afghanistan Compact that include provisions for developing the energy sector. A significant proportion of the population relies primarily on electricity produced by costly diesel generators as opposed to lower cost options such as imported power or domestic energy sources such as natural gas, hydro, solar, and wind.A broad goal of the ANDS is the development of an energy sector energy sector that provides reliable, affordable energy increasingly based on market-based private sector investment and public sector oversight. Target goals include:reaching at least 65% of households in major urban areas,reaching 90% of non-residential establishments in major urban areas,reaching 25% of households in rural areas, andcovering at least 75% of total operating costs through user fees by the end of 2010.At present, there is no clear institutional framework or policy for rural electrification nor a clear division of responsibility amongst the ministries involved in the sector. There is a need to develop a robust enabling environment (such as through the articulation of a rural electrification policy) that encourages community buy-in, and emphasises the roles of Community Development Councils (CDCs), and the private sector in advancing rural electrification. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Tambourine Innovation Ventures Inc.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Incorporated in 2015, Tambourine Innovation Ventures (TIV) is an innovation advisory and venture development firm that provides a full suite of services and solutions to the challenges and needs generated by the increasing interest and activity globally in the areas of climate change adaptation/mitigation, innovation, technology transfer and venture finance. TIV founders and consultants bring more than three decades of experience in assisting the developing countries access innovative technologies from the industrialized countries and grow technology ventures.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.