As the capital and largest city of Indonesia, Jakarta is facing a range of urban transport challenges including severe traffic congestion, air pollution, and high fuel consumption. To address these problems, the Government of Jakarta has made investments in its public transport system, including a Bus Rapid Transit System with 13 trunk routes with a total ridership per day reaching 0.8 million. Jakarta also has 2 Mass Rapid Transit lines with expansion underway. Efforts are already ongoing to connect inter-city and intra-city rail and integrate to the existing comprehensive bus system which will be significant to make urban transport more environment friendly.
Though the increasing volume and quality of public transport can alleviate the city’s air pollutant and GHG emissions problems to a certain extent, a faster transition to electric mobility is required to meet its growing emissions from the transport sector. Air pollution is one of the key challenges along with congestion in the city. On bad days, Jakarta can find itself top of the list of the most polluted cities in the world. Further, the City of Jakarta contributes about 15% of GHG emissions of Indonesia, of which the Transport sector is a significant contributor. Thus, there is urgent need to decarbonize the transport sector.
Hence, the objective of this Technical Assistance is to support the Government of Jakarta, and the TransJakarta, a parastatal bus operator, in mainstreaming e-mobility in Indonesia, and particularly the deployment of electric buses in Jakarta.
To meet these objectives, the Technical Assistance (TA) will:
- Review and identify policy requirements and actions required by Government of Jakarta and Government of Indonesia to facilitate the deployment of e-buses and related infrastructure;
- Prepare an investment plan, business model, and public procurement documents for deployment of e-buses and other electric vehicles for government use in 2020;
- Assess the feasibility of charging solutions using renewable energy-based electricity
Outputs and activities:
All the activities and outputs of this TA are as outlined below:
Output 1: Policy requirements and actions required by the Government of Indonesia and Jakarta to facilitate the deployment of e-buses and related infrastructure;
- Activity 1.1: Consolidate and review transport plans and policies relevant for Jakarta, including environmental and fiscal policies for vehicles and fuels in Indonesia
- Activity 1.2: Review and analyze transport data for TransJakarta, the feeder services (including angkots), 2-wheelers, the MRT and LRT plans, and current urban development plans for Jakarta, an identify recommendations to increase levels of service of TransJakarta, MRT, and other public transport modes.
- Activity 1.3: Convene a stakeholder consultation workshop with relevant national government agencies and other stakeholders to present the results of the policy review and identify policy options for implementing electric mobility both at national and local scales.
- Activity 1.4: Coordinate with relevant national government agencies and other stakeholders to develop policies in implementing electric mobility both in national and local scale.
Output 2: Investment plan and business model; and public procurement plans and documents for the acquisition and deployment of electric buses and other electric vehicles for government use
- Activity 2.1: Prepare tenders for e-bus procurement and provide relevant training in the management of assessment of tenders
- Activity 2.2: Develop an investment plan and/or business model for Transjakarta and potential operators for electric buses for inclusion in future funding proposals
- Activity 2.3: Develop technical input for green public procurement policy for sustainable transport
- Activity 2.4: Conduct consultations with relevant stakeholders on the tenders and business cases to finalize the tenders and synthesize recommendations based on the learnings, feedback and best global practices on the procurement of sustainable transport.
Output 3: Feasibility of charging solutions using renewable energy-based electricity
- Activity 3.1: Develop comprehensive study and plan for public and private charging infrastructure for Jakarta (and specifically for TransJakarta e-buses), including renewable-powered charging for all public transport modes
- Activity 3.2: Develop incentives to increase the share of renewable energy in the electricity mix for e-vehicle charging facilities;
- Activity 3.3: Prepare tender designed to integrate solar roofs on existing TransJakarta and/or MRT assets
- Activity 3.4: Conduct consultations with relevant stakeholders on the tenders and business cases to finalize the tenders and synthesize recommendations based on the learnings, feedback and best global practices on the procurement of renewable energy-based charging infrastructure.
While ensuring close coordination with the ongoing and past initiatives in the country, the outcomes and activities of the proposed TA will be aligned with the priorities of Indonesia’s relevant ministries and other key stakeholders.